Fauna

At the start there were very few original species in the Bandia reserve. There­fore the animals were introduced into the reserve, these being original Senega­lese species and non-original ones to make the reserve more attractive for tou­rists. From 1991-1999 the following animals were imported from various areas of Senegal (the number afrter the scientific name indicate introduced numbers): African buffalo (Syncerus caffer, 10), Kob (Kobus kob, 38), Defassa wa­terbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus defassa, 1) and the Roan antelope (Hippotragus equines, 24) obtained from game catches in the PNNK; Red-fronted ga­zelle (Gazella rufifrons, 2), Dama gazelle (Gazella dama mhorr, 3) coming from northern Senegal, Bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus, 4), Warthog (Phacochoerus africanus, 22), Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus, 2) and the tortoise (Geochelone sulcata, 8) were introduced or regenerated from the original popu­lation or even moved themselves into the safety of the reserve. In 2000 a group of Western giant elands (Taurotragus derbianus derbianus, 9) was caught in the Niokolo Koba national park. Asian water buffalo (Buballus buballis, 11) also coming from Senegal, from the Asian animal breeding station near St. Louis in northern Senegal (Al Ogoumrabe 2002).

Foreign animal imports began in 1994, apart from the 6 day-old ostrich chicks (Struthio camelus) from Holland in 1991. Other ostriches were also imported, also Caama hartebeest (Alcephalus buselaphus caama, 4), Blesbok (Damaliscus dorcas phillipsii, 7), Defassa waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus ellipsiprymnus, 7), Common eland (Taurotragus oryx, 8), Greater kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros, 5), Impala (Ae­aepyceros melampus, 10), giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis giraffa, 4), Gems-bock (Oryx gazella gazella, 5) and the southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium si-mum simum, 4). Only the Hartebeest and Blesbok were not able to adapt to the lo­cal, evidently food, and conditions. The other animals are thriving and reproducing very well. Reproduction success has been recorded especially in giraffes, roan antelopes, elands and impalas. Apart from quarantined animals and the Western giant eland until re­cently none of the animals have been given supplementary fodder and they have on­ly eaten the vegetation in the reserve. In the last 2 years there has been little rain and the vegetation is very dry making it necessary to supplement the animals’ food with peanut hay.

 

© Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences

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